24/10/2014: OFFICIAL STATEMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA TO THE US-AFRICA LEADERS SUMMIT HELD IN WASHINGTON, D.C, FROM 4-6 AUGUST 2014
REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA - FOREIGN AFFAIRS MINISTRY
The Republic of Angola and the United States of America (USA) established diplomatic relations in May 1993, a date that marked a new era of the bilateral cooperation between the two countries, based on mutual respect and common interests.
After more than 20 years, diplomatic relations between Angola and the U.S. are reflected today in the volume of business between the two countries whose transactions grew significantly, not to mention the huge investments that U.S. companies have in Angola, mainly in the sectors of oil and gas.
In 2009, Angola and the U.S. signed a General Trade Agreement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments to facilitate the flow of investment and trade relations between the two countries, as well as create the necessary dynamic between their enterprises in order to strengthen each by increasing bilateral cooperation.
In June 2010, with the entry into force of the Trade and Investment Framework Agreement or TIFA (acronym in English), the Governments of Angola and the United States have been working to improve the business climate, which tends to attract more investors and promote increased trade.
Since the end of the armed conflict in Angola in 2002 the Angolan exports to the U.S. market increased from 3.1 billion dollars to 8.7 billion USD in 2013, primarily crude oil and oil and diamonds, while imports rose from 374.2 million dollars in 2002 to 1.5 billion USD in 2013, especially in industrial machinery and meat (poultry).
In July 2010, Angola and the U.S. signed an agreement in Washington DC, which formalized a strategic partnership between the two countries in order to promote its national interests and to serve the common strategic interests.
The Government of Angola gives importance to the "Agreement on Strategic Partnership Dialogue", since this diplomatic understanding is consistent with the moment that the world is experiencing today, which falls not only on the dynamics of national reconstruction made by the Angolan government, but also from a broader perspective of national development project and the projection of the country (Angola) internationally.
From this perspective, there have been discussions of common interest between both countries, with regard to peace and security, energy security and the fight against poverty, HIV and malaria.
The progress of bilateral relations and strategic partnership is due to a combination of factors in which their interests converge in various political and socio-economic areas and based on the principles of mutual respect, mutual responsibility and mutual interests.
For their role and importance in the African continent and the world, Angola is a strategic partner of the USA. Historical reasons, common interests and concerns of peace, security and development in this global world will continue to build a strong and politically pragmatic basis for increasing the bilateral relations between Angola and the U.S.
In the field of geopolitical area, Angola has been strengthening its democratic institutions in the country and has played an important role, in the world, particularly in Africa, for the promotion and consolidation of peace, stability and development in the regions to which it belongs, being chairman of the International Conference for the Great Lakes Region (CIRG) since January 2014.
The contribution of Angola in the prevention and resolution of conflicts on the African continent through dialogue, especially in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Central African Republic (CAR) and South Sudan and its commitment to the United Nations and the African Union (AU) related to the work that has developed along its bodies, including the UN Human Rights Council, the Board of Directors of UNDP, the CDF, UNFPA, the UNOPS, the UNWOMEN and AU Council for Peace and Security, was relevant to the country’s application to a Non-Permanent Member of the UN Security Council for the period 2015/2016.
The application of the Angola as a Non-Permanent Member of the UN Security Council is due to its long tradition of openness to the world and its own experience as a nation, and continued support for the United Nations work and the initiatives of regional organizations to combat organized and transnational crime and international terrorism, strengthening international mechanisms for the prevention and conflict mediation.
Angola, considers Peace and Security as fundamental premises for Development, Democracy and the promotion and respect of human rights.
The Republic of Angola is assumed both as a factor of peace, regional and global security, acting as a fair partner willing to share interests, to cooperate with mutual benefit to build an increasingly better world.
In the socio-economic field, Angola is a country at peace with various business opportunities. During the last five (5) years, the Angolan economy grew rapidly on the average 18 percent year considering as one of the most dynamic economies in the world.
The development of Angola is founded by eleven major priorities of economic development, outlined in the National Development Plan (PND) 2013-2017, which provides considerable investments in infrastructure to promote economic diversification, improving the living conditions of populations and reduce asymmetries between the different regions of the country
The Angolan government has adopted economic policies for the elimination of restrictions on the supply of goods and services, providing tax incentives for productive investment, and the new private investment Law has given good results, fact that took the Republic of Angola to the top of the fastest growing countries in Africa and with the best conditions for invest.
Under the National Strategy to Combat Poverty in progress in the country, the Angolan government has reduced considerably, poverty rates in the country's declined from 63 in Angola by hundreds (in 2002) to 38 percentage points (in 2009). This achievement led Angola to meet the first objective of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Regarding the ongoing youth policy in the country, the Constitution of the Republic of Angola the Law on the basis of the development of policies for youth, with emphasis on issues of education, professional, cultural and training to access to housing, the technology information and communication, physical education and sports, mobility, transport and road safety, health, safety and juvenile delinquency, political participation and citizenship, as well as the use of leisure time of youth.
To implement these programs, the Angolan Government led by His Excellency Mr. José Eduardo dos Santos, established the National Forum on Youth Consultation to address and facilitate the processes that have to do with their integration into society.
The implementation of the National Youth Development Plan 2014/2017 presents satisfactory indicators to records in the first half of 2014, with the creation of a total of 141,294 jobs for young people 18 to 35 years in the fields of economics and public administration.
The Angolan government expects to create up to 2017, in the light of the National Youth Development, over 1,000,000 direct jobs, with the definition of legislation facilitating young people to be beneficiaries without constraints of any order by employers access the first job.
Finally, the Government of Angola, participating in this summit with a high-level delegation, represented by His Excellency Engº Manuel Domingos Vicente, Vice-President of the Republic, makes a word of appreciation to the U.S. administration, led by His Excellency President Barack Obama, for this laudable initiative, whose objective is to project a strong cooperation with all African countries, responding to the daily concerns of Peace, Security and Development in the world and the new generations, in relation to their job prospects, their personal and family future, their safety, among others, in an increasingly globalized world.
To the African leaders participants at this summit our vow of solidarity and hope in a better future for our people and countries, establishing partnerships based on a joint US-Africa strategy.
Greetings to all!
LUANDA, August 4, 2014